Millions of ancient artifacts have been dug up in thousand of excavations. There is no doubt that our ancestors made these beautiful artifacts for long durability. This is the reason in excavation, we found artifacts in extremely good condition.
By just looking into these artifacts one cannot determine, how long they have traveled in history. Thanks to Carbon dating and other technologies that we are able to find the true age of these ancient artifacts. Ten ancient vessels that are listed here, I bet you cannot ignore the beauty of these artifacts.
Rillaton Cup 1700 BC- UK
This Early Bronze Age (c.1700-1500 BC) is made from complexly crafted gold hammered into shape from a single piece of metal with a height of 8.5 cm. Its ribbed construction would have added strength to the vessel and serving a decorative purpose as well.
A limited number of comparable cups, made from silver, amber, and shale, have been found at various sites across Europe. The cup is a testament to the highly advanced metalworking methods that developed during the European Bronze Age (c.2200-800 BC). The cup was found in 1837 by workmen quarrying for stone in Cornwall, southwest England. Currently placed in the British Museum, London.
Large Vessels (Pithoi) 2000 BC – Akrotiri, Greece
‘Pithoi Storeroom’ was the name given by Professor Spyridon Marinatos in 1967. He named it because he found it full of large storage jars (pithoi). Some of them were filled with floor and seeds. The building was at-last two-storeyed. These vessels are 150 cm in height. These vessels are currently placed in Akrotiri archeological site, Santorini
Flame-Rimmed Vessel 2000 BC – Japan
This extraordinary coil-built vessel of the Middle Jomon period (c 2500-1500 BC) with a height of 61 cm. It was produced by one of the earliest societies to occupy the Japanese archipelago-the pre-literate hunter-gatherers.
The elaborate design strengthens the dynamically crested handles and spiral wave motives pointing in the same direction and adding a visualization of the vessel’s overall form. The exact meaning of the design and the function of the vessel although remain unknown. This artifact is currently placed in the Clevland Museum of Art, Clevland Ohio.
Bull Vessel 2500 BC – Indus Valley
The stylized bulls form an advanced Bronze Age (c.2600-1200 BC) of ceramic painting with a height of 35.5 cm. Many of the communities that settled in the valleys of modern Baluchistan in, Indus Valley during the Neolithic period (c.7000-5500 BC), developed different provincial pottery styles that prospered separately until they became mixed into the wider Indus Valley ceramic tradition. This artifact is currently placed in the American Museum of History, New York
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Keeling Bull with Vessel 3000 BC – Iran
This figure is one of the earliest known examples of advanced metalworking in art. The silver statue with a height of 16.3 cm comes from southwest Iran at a time when it was closely connected to the world of southern Mesopotamia 3000 BC (modern Iraq). The meaning of the piece is unknown. However, its humble pose contrasts with valuable silver of which it is made, and despite the figure’s supernatural form, the posture seems to be redundant deity or demon. This figure is currently placed in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Warka Base 3200 BC – Baghdad
Technically superb and unique archaeological importance, the Warks. Vase may represent the earliest known example of historical art in the manufacture of a single block of alabaster. The vase has a height of 100 cm and as old as 3200 BC.
This massive vase is decorated with three registers of carved reliefs. Although it is contemporary with the very earliest writing and comes from a modern Warka, the city in which the first texts appeared. This Vase is currently placed in Iraq Museum, Baghdad
Sialk Storage Jar 3500 BC – Iran
This beautiful jar is made of ceramic and has a height of 53 cm. These jars were often used in a non-utilitarian manner. They have been used for diagnostic purposes. This brown-on-buff pottery, known as Sialk, after the site in northern Iran, flourished in the fourth millennium BC, shortly before the appearance of the first writing in Mesopotamia and southwestern Iran. This jar is currently placed in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Chulmun Storage Jar 3500 BC – Korea
The Korean Neolithic ceramic jar is probably beginning in the northeast of the peninsula in the seventh millennium BC. These vessels have been shown to be low in temperature. This jar is probably a storage jar, perhaps used for grain.
Chulmun communities living alongside rivers from c.6000 BC to c.700 BC: of cultural features and those who made chulmun pottery experienced the development of an agricultural economy (rice cultivation probably began in the mid-second millennium). This jar is currently placed in Kyonghui University, Seoul
Libation Vessel 3500 BC – Sudan
This libation ceramic vessel, dating to c.3600 3400 BC, was found at T.3 cemetery, el-Kadada, in Sudan. It was coil-made, the inner and outer surfaces then slipped and polished. The height of the vessel is 27.7 cm. The vessels were probably used for funerary purposes. This artifact is currently placed in the National Museum, Khartoum
Ritual Bowl 4000 BC – Iran
This bowl which has a height of 27 cm is the finest example of art that flourished in the south and southwest Iran during the fifth millennium BC. Bright and well-beaten compositions that integrated abstract and figurative elements were produced in several painted ceramics.
The majority of illustrative purposes in these ceramics depict an animal, bird and plant forms, these human figures that do appear are of great interest. This bowl is currently placed in the British Museum, London.
Above references are taken from the book “30,000 Years of Art: The Story of Human Creativity across Time and Space”
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