There are “n” number of civilizations on the earth. Many are still in existence and many have been disappeared. Every civilization creates its footprints on earth by scriptures, art, and culture they form. By these scriptures, we are able to understand the advancement of the people, their social life of that civilization. A piece of new information keeps on add into these scriptures by new generations as per their experience.
However, a little information is pass as it is in the scripture s which are believed words of creator or GOD. Whether it is an ancient flood story or a creation myth story. It is something which is always believed words of GOD. Creation of the universe Myth always been a subject of excitement for all the civilization. This is the reason every civilization has its own theory which explains the creation of the universe in its own way. Here I am going to present the creation story from a few old civilizations
The Sumerian Creation Myth
The Sumerian creation myth is written over the Sumerian tablet. The great Assyrian poem or series of legends, which narrates the story of the creation of the world and man was termed by the Assyrians and Babylonians Enuma elis, “When in the height,” from the two opening words of the text.
The poem consisted of some nine hundred and ninety-four lines and was divided into seven sections, each of which was inscribed upon a separate Tablet. The Tablets were numbered by the Assyrian scribes and the separate sections of the poem written upon them do not vary very much in length. The shortest Tablet contains one hundred and thirty-eight lines and the longest one hundred and forty-six, the average length of a Tablet being about one hundred and forty-two lines.
The poem embodies the beliefs of the Babylonians and Assyrians concerning the origin of the universe. It describes the coming forth of the gods from chaos, and tells the story of how the forces of disorder, represented by the primeval water-gods Apsu and Tiamat, were overthrown by Ea and Marduk respectively, and how Marduk, after completing the triumph of the gods over chaos, proceeded to create the world and man. Start seven lines of tablet one is given below. A form of the myth was first published by George Smith in 1876; active research and further excavations led to near completion of the texts, and improved translation.
Original Text from Sumerian Tablet
Translated Text of Sumerian Tablet
When in the height heaven was not named,
And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name,
And the primeval Apsu, who begat them,
And chaos, Tiamat, the mother of them both,-
Their waters were mingled together,
And no field was formed, no marsh was to be seen ;
When of the god’s none had been called into being,
And none bore a name, and no destinies [were ordained]” ;
Then were created the gods in the midst of [heaven]
नासदासीन नो सदासीत तदानीं नासीद रजो नो वयोमापरो यत | किमावरीवः कुह कस्य शर्मन्नम्भः किमासीद गहनं गभीरम || न मर्त्युरासीदम्र्तं न तर्हि न रात्र्या अह्न आसीत्प्रकेतः | आनीदवातं सवधया तदेकं तस्माद्धान्यन न परः किं चनास || तम आसीत तमसा गूळमग्रे.अप्रकेतं सलिलं सर्वमािदम | तुछ्येनाभ्वपिहितं यदासीत तपसस्तन्महिनाजायतैकम || कामस्तदग्रे समवर्तताधि मनसो रेतः परथमं यदासीत | सतो बन्धुमसति निरविन्दन हर्दि परतीष्याकवयो मनीषा || तिरश्चीनो विततो रश्मिरेषामधः सविदासी.अ.अ.अत | रेतोधाासन महिमान आसन सवधा अवस्तात परयतिः परस्तात || को अद्धा वेद क इह पर वोचत कुत आजाता कुत इयंविस्र्ष्टिः | अर्वाग देवा अस्य विसर्जनेनाथा को वेद यताबभूव || इयं विस्र्ष्टिर्यत आबभूव यदि वा दधे यदि वा न | यो अस्याध्यक्षः परमे वयोमन सो अङग वेद यदि वा नवेद ||
THEN was not non-existent nor existent: there was no realm of air, no sky beyond it. What covered in, and where? and what gave shelter? Was water there, unfathomed depth of water?
Death was not then, nor was there aught immortal: no sign was there, the day’s and night’s divider. That One Thing, breathless, breathed by its own nature: apart from it was nothing whatsoever.
Darkness there was: at first concealed in darkness this All was indiscriminate chaos. All that existed then was void and form less: by the great power of Warmth was born that Unit.
Thereafter rose Desire in the beginning, Desire, the primal seed and germ of Spirit. Sages who searched with their heart’s thought discovered the existent’s kinship in the non-existent.
Transversely was their severing line extended: what was above it then, and what below it? There were begetters, there were mighty forces, free action here and energy up yonder
Who verily knows and who can here declare it, whence it was born and whence comes this creation? The Gods are later than this world’s production. Who knows then whence it first came into being?
He, the first origin of this creation, whether he formed it all or did not form it, Whose eye controls this world in highest heaven, he verily knows it, or perhaps he knows not.
The Avesta Creation Story
The Avesta is the primary collection of religious texts of Zoroastrianism, composed in the otherwise unrecorded Avestan language. The Avesta creation story is given in FARGARD 1 of Vendidad. The Vidēvdād (or Vendidad) is an ancient collection of Zoroastrian myths, prayers, and religious observances, intended to defend against sources of infection and evil. Its present form is thought to have become fixed around the middle of the first millennium BCE.1 Of the twenty-one books of the Sasanian canon of the Avesta that were detailed in the Denkard, this is the only one which has survived in its entirety.
I have made every land dear to its dwellers, even though it had no charms whatever in it: had I not made every land dear to its dwellers, even though it had no charms whatever in it, then the whole living world would have invaded the Airyana Vaêgo.
The first of the good lands and countries which I, Ahuramazda, created, was the Airyana Vaêgo, by the Vanguhi Dâitya. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created by his witchcraft the serpent in the river and winter, a work of the Daevas.
There are ten winter months there, two summer months; and those are cold for the waters, cold for the earth, cold for the trees. Winter falls there, with the worst of its plagues.
The second of the good lands and countries which I, Ahuramazda, created, was the plains in Sughda. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created by his witchcraft the fly Skaitya, which brings death to the cattle.
The third of the good lands and countries which I, Ahuramazda, created, was the strong, holy Môuru. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created by his witchcraft sinful lusts.
The fourth of the good lands and countries which I, Ahuramazda, created, was the beautiful Bâkhdi with high-lifted banners. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created by his witchcraft the Bravara
The Mayan Creation Story
The Mayan account of the creation of the universe and mankind began long, long ago. The story was handed down from generation to generation through the centuries. Finally, the account was recorded in hieroglyphics in the language of the Quiché Mayans in the highlands of Guatemala. This “book”, called the Popol-Vuh is the Sacred Religious book of the Mayans. They use this book just as Christians use the Bible, and Muslims use the Koran. The authors of the Popol Vuh were anonymous. In the text, they refer to themselves only as “we” (p. 64), indicating that there were more than one who contributed to its compilation
In the beginning, all was silent and calm in the world. Only the sky and sea existed, which lay still in the darkness. Then the creator gods, u K’u’x Kaj, Xmuqane, and Xpiyakok came together and they began to think and ponder about the creation. They created the earth by merely uttering ‘earth’ and they shaped mountains and valleys.
They covered the earth with cypress groves and pine forests. Then they created deer and birds and awarded them homes. Puma’s, jaguars, and serpents were put on earth and they were told to worship their shaper and framer. This was the first attempt of the creator gods to shape humans. They wanted to create beings that were able to procreate and worship their makers. Only the animals did not worship their creators, they were unable to speak their names. So it was decided that the animals should serve another purpose.
The Greek Creation Myth
In the beginning, there was empty darkness. The only thing in this void was Nyx, a bird with black wings. With the wind, she laid a golden egg and for ages, she sat upon this egg. Finally, life began to stir in the egg and out of it rose Eros, the god of love. One half of the shell rose into the air and became the sky and the other became the Earth. Eros named the sky Uranus and the Earth he named Gaia. Then Eros made them fall in love.
The Chinese creation myth
In Daoist creation myth, “The Way gave birth to unity; unity gave birth to duality; duality gave birth to trinity; trinity gave birth to the myriad creatures.” (Daodejing, 4th century BCE). At the beginning of time, there was only chaos. The elements and gases of the heavens and earth freely mingled, and the organizing principle was dormant. It lay dormant somewhere inside this elemental cosmos, awaiting the right moment to begin the transformation.
The shape of this primeval mass was something like an egg. For 18,000 years the universe remained in this state until the incubation was finally complete, and the egg hatched. Then the heavens and the earth came into existence. The lighter, most pure substances floated upward and became the heavens. These elements were named yang.
The heavier, more impure substances descended and became the earth. These were named yin. From the same forces, a third, the giant Pan Ku, was born as well. As he grew, his sheer size divided the heavens and the earth. The giant lived for another 18,000 years. With the assistance of four creatures, a tortoise, a phoenix, a dragon, and a unicorn, he labored daily to mold the earth. Together they created the world as we know it today
Below is the highlight of the above information.
It is the all-time favorite question. Why almost all civilization share the same kind of information? Many archeologists in the past have shared information where civilization located far ends had the same architecture technology whether it is a type of building (Pyramid), the material used (Monoliths) and locking technology.
There is much information in the scriptures which also the same as a creation myth, ancient flood, etc. By analyzing all civilization data together it will not be an exaggeration that they are the branches of one parent and their origin is the same. This can be further subject to research that from all the civilizations who were the parent of all civilization. This is my personal view
It is believed that there are 330 million of GOD in the Hindu religion. But what is the fact behind it? Is it a true number of result of some mistake happened during the interpretation of the ancient scripture